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中国语言文字概况

(2021年版)

2021-08-27 来源:教育部

  我国有56个民族,是(shi)一个多(duo)民族、多(duo)语言(yan)、多(duo)方言(yan)、多(duo)文字(zi)的(de)国家(jia)。普通话和规范汉(han)字(zi)是(shi)国家(jia)通用语言(yan)文字(zi),是(shi)中(zhong)华民族通用的(de)语言(yan)文字(zi)。

  汉(han)语(yu)(yu)(yu)是我国使(shi)用(yong)人(ren)数最(zui)多(duo)的语(yu)(yu)(yu)言,也是世界(jie)上(shang)作为第(di)一(yi)语(yu)(yu)(yu)言使(shi)用(yong)人(ren)数最(zui)多(duo)的语(yu)(yu)(yu)言。我国除汉(han)族(zu)使(shi)用(yong)汉(han)语(yu)(yu)(yu)外,回族(zu)、满族(zu)等(deng)也基本使(shi)用(yong)或转(zhuan)用(yong)汉(han)语(yu)(yu)(yu),其他民(min)族(zu)都(dou)有(you)自(zi)己(ji)的语(yu)(yu)(yu)言,许多(duo)民(min)族(zu)都(dou)不同程度地转(zhuan)用(yong)或兼用(yong)汉(han)语(yu)(yu)(yu)。

  现代汉语(yu)(yu)有标准(zhun)语(yu)(yu)和方(fang)言(yan)之分。普通(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)话是现代汉语(yu)(yu)的标准(zhun)语(yu)(yu),以(yi)(yi)北京语(yu)(yu)音(yin)为标准(zhun)音(yin)、以(yi)(yi)北方(fang)话为基础方(fang)言(yan)、以(yi)(yi)典范的现代白话文著作为语(yu)(yu)法规范。《中华人(ren)民(min)共和国(guo)宪法》规定:“国(guo)家(jia)(jia)推广全国(guo)通(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)用(yong)的普通(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)话。”2000年10月31日(ri)颁(ban)布的《中华人(ren)民(min)共和国(guo)国(guo)家(jia)(jia)通(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)用(yong)语(yu)(yu)言(yan)文字(zi)法》确定普通(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)话为国(guo)家(jia)(jia)通(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)用(yong)语(yu)(yu)言(yan)。

  汉语方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)通常分(fen)为十(shi)大方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan):官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)、晋(jin)方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)、吴方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)、闽(min)方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)、客(ke)家方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)、粤(yue)方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)、湘方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)、赣方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)、徽方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)、平话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)土(tu)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)。各方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)区内又分(fen)布着若(ruo)干次(ci)方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)和许多种“土(tu)语”。其中使用(yong)人数最多的(de)官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)可分(fen)为东北官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、北京官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、冀鲁(lu)官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、胶(jiao)辽官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、中原(yuan)官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、兰银(yin)官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、江淮官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、西南官(guan)(guan)话(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)八(ba)种次(ci)方(fang)(fang)言(yan)(yan)(yan)。

  从语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言的(de)(de)系(xi)(xi)属(shu)(shu)(shu)来(lai)看(kan),我国56个民族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)使用(yong)的(de)(de)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言分别属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)五大语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi):汉(han)藏(zang)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)、阿(a)尔(er)(er)泰语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)、南岛语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)、南亚语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)和印(yin)欧语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)。汉(han)藏(zang)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)分为(wei)汉(han)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)和藏(zang)缅(mian)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)、侗台(tai)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)、苗(miao)瑶(yao)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)。属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)藏(zang)缅(mian)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)有藏(zang)、嘉戎、门巴、仓(cang)洛、珞巴、羌、普米、独(du)龙、景颇、彝、傈僳、哈尼、拉(la)祜(hu)、白、纳(na)西、基诺、怒苏(su)、阿(a)侬、柔若、土家、载瓦、阿(a)昌等(deng)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言;属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)苗(miao)瑶(yao)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)有苗(miao)、布(bu)(bu)努、勉(mian)等(deng)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言;属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)壮侗语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)有壮、布(bu)(bu)依(yi)、傣、侗、水、仫佬、毛南、拉(la)珈(jia)、黎、仡佬等(deng)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言。阿(a)尔(er)(er)泰语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)分为(wei)蒙古(gu)(gu)、突(tu)厥、满(man)—通(tong)古(gu)(gu)斯(si)三(san)个语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)。属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)蒙古(gu)(gu)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)有蒙古(gu)(gu)、达斡尔(er)(er)、东乡、东部裕(yu)固、土、保(bao)安等(deng)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言;属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)突(tu)厥语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)有维(wei)吾尔(er)(er)、哈萨克(ke)、柯(ke)尔(er)(er)克(ke)孜(zi)、乌(wu)孜(zi)别克(ke)、塔塔尔(er)(er)、撒拉(la)、西部裕(yu)固、图佤等(deng)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言;属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)满(man)—通(tong)古(gu)(gu)斯(si)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)有满(man)、锡(xi)伯、赫哲、鄂温克(ke)、鄂伦春等(deng)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言。属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)南岛语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)的(de)(de)是台(tai)湾高(gao)山族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)诸语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言,还有海南回族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)回辉话。属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)南亚语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)孟高(gao)棉语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)有佤、德昂(ang)、布(bu)(bu)朗、克(ke)木(mu)等(deng)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言。属(shu)(shu)(shu)于(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)印(yin)欧语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)系(xi)(xi)的(de)(de)是属(shu)(shu)(shu)斯(si)拉(la)夫语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)俄(e)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)和属(shu)(shu)(shu)伊朗语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)族(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)的(de)(de)塔吉克(ke)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)。朝鲜语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)(de)系(xi)(xi)属(shu)(shu)(shu)尚未取得统一意见。

  我国(guo)有约30种文(wen)字(zi)。汉字(zi)是记(ji)录汉语(yu)(yu)的文(wen)字(zi)。除汉族(zu)使用(yong)(yong)汉字(zi)以(yi)外(wai),我国(guo)相当多的少(shao)数民(min)族(zu)以(yi)汉字(zi)书(shu)(shu)写他们的书(shu)(shu)面语(yu)(yu)言(yan)。汉字(zi)系文(wen)字(zi)在历史上还用(yong)(yong)于记(ji)录中国(guo)的一些少(shao)数民(min)族(zu)语(yu)(yu)言(yan)和东(dong)亚(ya)、东(dong)南亚(ya)部分国(guo)家(jia)的语(yu)(yu)言(yan)。汉字(zi)在殷商时期(公元前(qian)16—17世纪)形成完整的文(wen)字(zi)体系,其(qi)字(zi)体的演(yan)变(bian)经(jing)历了甲骨文(wen)、金文(wen)、篆书(shu)(shu)、隶书(shu)(shu)、楷书(shu)(shu)等阶段。汉字(zi)从未(wei)间断地使用(yong)(yong)至今。《中华人(ren)民(min)共和国(guo)国(guo)家(jia)通(tong)用(yong)(yong)语(yu)(yu)言(yan)文(wen)字(zi)法(fa)》确定规范汉字(zi)为国(guo)家(jia)通(tong)用(yong)(yong)文(wen)字(zi)。

  自(zi)上(shang)世纪(ji)50年代(dai)以(yi)来,国家(jia)对(dui)现(xian)行汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)进(jin)行整(zheng)理和简化(hua),制(zhi)定公(gong)布(bu)了《第一批异体字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)整(zheng)理表(biao)》《简化(hua)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)总表(biao)》《印刷通用(yong)(yong)(yong)汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)形表(biao)》《现(xian)代(dai)汉(han)(han)语常(chang)用(yong)(yong)(yong)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)表(biao)》《现(xian)代(dai)汉(han)(han)语通用(yong)(yong)(yong)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)表(biao)》《GB13000.1字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)符集(ji)汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)序(xu)(笔画序(xu))规范》等(deng)标(biao)准(zhun)。2013年6月(yue)5日(ri),《国务院(yuan)关于公(gong)布(bu)<通用(yong)(yong)(yong)规范汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)表(biao)>的(de)(de)(de)通知》(国发(fa)〔2013〕23号)发(fa)布(bu)。《通用(yong)(yong)(yong)规范汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)表(biao)》是贯彻《中(zhong)华人民(min)共和国国家(jia)通用(yong)(yong)(yong)语言文(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)法》,适(shi)应新形势下社会各(ge)领(ling)域汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)应用(yong)(yong)(yong)需要的(de)(de)(de)重要的(de)(de)(de)汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)规范标(biao)准(zhun)。《通用(yong)(yong)(yong)规范汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)表(biao)》公(gong)布(bu)后,社会一般应用(yong)(yong)(yong)领(ling)域的(de)(de)(de)汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)使用(yong)(yong)(yong)以(yi)《通用(yong)(yong)(yong)规范汉(han)(han)字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)表(biao)》为准(zhun),原有相关字(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)表(biao)停止(zhi)使用(yong)(yong)(yong)。

  中华(hua)(hua)人民(min)共和国成立(li)前,有21个少数(shu)民(min)族有自己的文字。中华(hua)(hua)人民(min)共和国成立(li)后,政(zheng)府为壮、布(bu)依、彝、苗、哈尼、傈僳(su)、纳西、侗、佤、黎、土、羌等民(min)族制订了文字方案。

  我国的文(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)从文(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)类型上看有表意文(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)、意音(yin)文(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)、音(yin)素文(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)、音(yin)节文(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi),从字(zi)(zi)(zi)母文(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)体系上看有古(gu)印度字(zi)(zi)(zi)母、回(hui)鹘文(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)母、阿(a)拉伯字(zi)(zi)(zi)母、仿汉字(zi)(zi)(zi)系、拉丁字(zi)(zi)(zi)母形式(shi)等。

  1958年2月11日,第一届全国(guo)人(ren)(ren)民代(dai)表大会第五次(ci)会议通(tong)过决议公布《汉语(yu)拼(pin)音(yin)(yin)方案》。《中(zhong)(zhong)华人(ren)(ren)民共(gong)和(he)国(guo)国(guo)家通(tong)用语(yu)言(yan)文(wen)字(zi)法》规(gui)定:“国(guo)家通(tong)用语(yu)言(yan)文(wen)字(zi)以《汉语(yu)拼(pin)音(yin)(yin)方案》作为拼(pin)写和(he)注音(yin)(yin)工具。《汉语(yu)拼(pin)音(yin)(yin)方案》是中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)人(ren)(ren)名(ming)、地名(ming)和(he)中(zhong)(zhong)文(wen)文(wen)献罗马字(zi)母拼(pin)写法的统(tong)一规(gui)范,并用于汉字(zi)不便或不能使用的领(ling)域(yu)。”《汉语(yu)拼(pin)音(yin)(yin)方案》也是中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)人(ren)(ren)名(ming)、地名(ming)和(he)中(zhong)(zhong)文(wen)文(wen)献罗马字(zi)母拼(pin)写法的国(guo)际标(biao)准。

  《中华(hua)人(ren)民(min)共(gong)和国宪法》规(gui)(gui)(gui)定:“各民(min)族(zu)都有使(shi)(shi)用(yong)和发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)自(zi)己的语(yu)(yu)(yu)言文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)的自(zi)由(you)”“国家(jia)(jia)推(tui)(tui)广全国通用(yong)的普(pu)通话”。《中华(hua)人(ren)民(min)共(gong)和国民(min)族(zu)区域自(zi)治法》规(gui)(gui)(gui)定:“民(min)族(zu)自(zi)治地(di)方(fang)(fang)(fang)的自(zi)治机关保(bao)障本(ben)地(di)方(fang)(fang)(fang)各民(min)族(zu)都有使(shi)(shi)用(yong)和发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)自(zi)己的语(yu)(yu)(yu)言文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)的自(zi)由(you)”。《中华(hua)人(ren)民(min)共(gong)和国教(jiao)(jiao)育法》规(gui)(gui)(gui)定:国家(jia)(jia)通用(yong)语(yu)(yu)(yu)言文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)为(wei)学校(xiao)及其(qi)他教(jiao)(jiao)育机构的基本(ben)教(jiao)(jiao)育教(jiao)(jiao)学语(yu)(yu)(yu)言文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi),学校(xiao)及其(qi)他教(jiao)(jiao)育机构应当(dang)使(shi)(shi)用(yong)国家(jia)(jia)通用(yong)语(yu)(yu)(yu)言文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)进行教(jiao)(jiao)育教(jiao)(jiao)学。《中华(hua)人(ren)民(min)共(gong)和国国家(jia)(jia)通用(yong)语(yu)(yu)(yu)言文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)法》规(gui)(gui)(gui)定:“国家(jia)(jia)推(tui)(tui)广普(pu)通话,推(tui)(tui)行规(gui)(gui)(gui)范(fan)汉(han)字(zi)”。国家(jia)(jia)的语(yu)(yu)(yu)言文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)方(fang)(fang)(fang)针政策和法律法规(gui)(gui)(gui),对维护国家(jia)(jia)统一、民(min)族(zu)团结,构建和谐健(jian)康的语(yu)(yu)(yu)言生活,促进经(jing)济、社会(hui)、文(wen)(wen)(wen)化、教(jiao)(jiao)育的发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)具有重要意义。

  推广国(guo)(guo)家(jia)通用(yong)语(yu)(yu)言文(wen)字是(shi)宪法(fa)规定的(de)责任,是(shi)铸(zhu)牢中华民族共同体意(yi)识的(de)有(you)效(xiao)途径。多年(nian)来,我国(guo)(guo)坚持不懈推广普及国(guo)(guo)家(jia)通用(yong)语(yu)(yu)言文(wen)字。到(dao)2020年(nian),全国(guo)(guo)普通话普及率已经(jing)达到(dao)80.72%,识字人口使用(yong)规范汉字的(de)比例超(chao)过95%。

  党(dang)的(de)十(shi)(shi)八大以来,全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)国(guo)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)系(xi)统充分发挥(hui)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)事(shi)(shi)业在(zai)培(pei)育(yu)和践行(xing)社会(hui)主(zhu)义核心价值观(guan)、全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面提(ti)高公民(min)科学文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)素质、增强(qiang)文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)软实(shi)力、增进民(min)族(zu)凝(ning)聚力等方面的(de)独特作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong),扎(zha)实(shi)推进语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)事(shi)(shi)业发展(zhan)。党(dang)的(de)十(shi)(shi)九(jiu)大以来,语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)战(zhan)线(xian)以习(xi)近平新时代中(zhong)国(guo)特色社会(hui)主(zhu)义思想为指导(dao),深入贯彻落实(shi)习(xi)近平总书记(ji)关于教育(yu)的(de)重要(yao)(yao)论述(shu)和语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)重要(yao)(yao)指示(shi)(shi)批示(shi)(shi)精神,围绕(rao)决胜全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面建成小康社会(hui)和服务国(guo)家(jia)发展(zhan)需求,推动语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)事(shi)(shi)业取得重大进展(zhan)。全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)国(guo)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)会(hui)议胜利召开,对新时代语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)事(shi)(shi)业改革发展(zhan)做出(chu)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面系(xi)统部署。推普助力脱贫(pin)攻坚成效显著,国(guo)家(jia)通用(yong)(yong)语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)在(zai)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)国(guo)范围内基(ji)本普及、语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)交(jiao)际障碍基(ji)本消除(chu)。语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)法律法规体(ti)系(xi)、规范标准体(ti)系(xi)日益(yi)完(wan)善,语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)依法治理能力明显提(ti)升。中(zhong)华优秀语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)创(chuang)新发展(zhan),语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)活动精彩(cai)纷呈。语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)信息化(hua)建设迈上新台阶,语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)服务能力进一步增强(qiang)。语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)交(jiao)流合(he)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)不断深化(hua)。语(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)言(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)文(wen)(wen)(wen)字(zi)(zi)(zi)事(shi)(shi)业在(zai)铸牢中(zhong)华民(min)族(zu)共(gong)(gong)同体(ti)意(yi)识、服务国(guo)计民(min)生、坚定文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)自信、构(gou)建人类(lei)命运共(gong)(gong)同体(ti)中(zhong)的(de)基(ji)础性(xing)地位(wei)和作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong)更加(jia)凸显。

(责任编辑:俞曼悦)

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